Important It is possible that the main title of the report Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
fetal transfusion syndrome
fetofetal transfusion syndrome
Twin-to-Twin transfusion syndrome
Twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is a rare disorder that sometimes occurs when women are pregnant with identical (monozygotic) twins. It is a rare disease of the placenta, the organ that joins the mother to her offspring and provides nourishment to the developing fetuses. During the development of identical twins, there are always blood vessels in the fetuses' shared placenta that connect their blood circulations (placental anastomoses). In most cases, the blood flows properly through these vessels. However, in twin-twin transfusion syndrome, the blood begins to flow unevenly, with one fetal twin receiving too much blood (recipient) and one receiving too little (donor). The recipient twin may experience heart failure due to continual strain on its heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular system). The donor twin, on the other hand, may experience life-threatening anemia, insufficient nutrition and oxygen due to its inadequate supply of blood. Such an imbalance in blood flow (i.e., twin-twin transfusion) can occur at any time during the pregnancy, including during delivery.
The effects of twin-twin transfusion syndrome can vary in severity from case to case, depending upon when during pregnancy the syndrome occurs, when it is diagnosed, and any treatment that may be given. The cause of this syndrome is not fully understood, although it is known that placental characteristics play an important role.
Twin to Twin Transfusion Syndrome Foundation National Office 411 Longbeach Parkway Bay Village, OH 44140 Tel: (440)899-8887 Tel: (800)815-9211 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.tttsfoundation.org
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center PO Box 8126 Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 Tel: (301)251-4925 Fax: (301)251-4911 Tel: (888)205-2311 TDD: (888)205-3223 Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/
Fetal Hope Foundation 9786 South Holland Street Littleton, CO 80127 USA Tel: (303)932-0553 Tel: (877)789-4673 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.fetalhope.org
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It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
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Last Updated: 3/19/2012 Copyright 1995, 1999, 2007, 2008, 2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
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