Important It is possible that the main title of the report Cicatricial Alopecia is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
scarring hair loss
Cicatricial alopecia usually includes a range of rare disorders related to the destruction of the hair follicle and gets replaced by scar tissue which may lead to permanent hair loss. Typically the hair loss is gradual, without symptoms, and is unnoticed for long periods. In some the hair loss is also associated with rapidly progressive symptoms such as itching, burning and pain. The inflammation that destroys the follicle is located below the surface of the skin and there is usually no "scar" seen on the scalp. Affected areas of the scalp may show little signs of inflammation.
There are two known types of cicatricial alopecias classified as primary Cicatricial alopecias or secondary Cicatricial alopecias. For primary cicatricial alopecias in the hair follicle is the target of the destructive inflammatory process. In secondary cicatricial alopecias, destruction of the hair follicle is an "accidental" non-follicle-directed process or external injury, such as severe infections, burns, radiation, or tumors.
Primary cicatricial alopecias are further classified by the type of inflammatory cells that destroy the hair follicle during the active stage of the disease. The inflammation may predominantly involve lymphocytes or neutrophils. Cicatricial alopecias that predominantly involve lymphocytic inflammation include lichen planopilaris, frontal fibrosing alopecia, chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus, central centrifugal alopecia, pseudopelade (Brocq), alopecia mucinosa, and keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans.
Cicatricial alopecias that are due to predominantly neutrophilic inflammation include folliculitis decalvans and dissecting cellulitis.
Sometimes the inflammation shifts from a predominantly neutrophilic process to a lymphocytic process. Cicatricial alopecias with a mixed inflammatory infiltrate include folliculitis keloidalis and erosive pustular dermatosis.
American Academy of Dermatology 930 East Woodfield Road Schaumburg, IL 60173- USA Tel: (847)330-0230 Fax: (847)240-1859 Tel: (888)462-3376 Internet: http://www.aad.org
Cicatricial Alopecia Research Foundation PO Box 64158 Los Angeles, CA 90064 USA Tel: (310)475-2419 Fax: (310)475-2419 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.carfintl.org
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center PO Box 8126 Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 Tel: (301)251-4925 Fax: (301)251-4911 Tel: (888)205-2311 TDD: (888)205-3223 Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/
North American Hair Research Society Dept. of Dermatology Medical Center Blvd. Walke University School of Medicine Winston-Salem, NC 27157 Tel: (336)776-2768 Fax: (336)776-7732 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.nahrs.org/home/
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It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
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Last Updated: 5/19/2008 Copyright 2008 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
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