Important It is possible that the main title of the report Turner Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Summary Turner syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder that affects females. The disorder is characterized by partial or complete loss (monosomy) of one of the X chromosomes. Turner syndrome is highly variable and can differ dramatically from one person to another. Affected females can potentially develop a wide variety of symptoms, affecting many different organ systems. Common symptoms include short stature and premature ovarian failure, which can result in the failure to attain puberty. Most women with Turner syndrome are infertile. A variety of additional symptoms can occur including abnormalities of the eyes and ears, skeletal malformations, heart anomalies, and kidney abnormalities. Intelligence is usually normal, but affected individuals may experience certain learning disabilities. Turner syndrome may be diagnosed before birth or shortly after birth or during early childhood. However, in some cases, the disorder may not be diagnosed until well into adulthood, often as an incidental finding. The exact, underlying cause of Turner syndrome is not known. Furthermore, most cases do not run in families and appear to occur randomly for no apparent reason (sporadically).
Introduction Turner syndrome is named for Henry Turner who, in 1938, was one of the first doctors to report on the disorder in the medical literature. Turner syndrome is one of the most common chromosomal disorders and likely the most common genetic disorder of females.
Human Growth Foundation 997 Glen Cove Avenue Suite 5 Glen Head, NY 11545 Tel: (516)671-4041 Fax: (516)671-4055 Tel: (800)451-6434 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.hgfound.org/
MAGIC Foundation 6645 W. North Avenue Oak Park, IL 60302 Tel: (708)383-0808 Fax: (708)383-0899 Tel: (800)362-4423 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.magicfoundation.org
Turner Syndrome Society of the United States 11250 West Road, Suite G Houston, TX 77065 Tel: (832)912-6006 Fax: (832)912-6446 Tel: (800)365-9944 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.turnersyndrome.org
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development 31 Center Dr Building 31, Room 2A32 MSC2425 Bethesda, MD 20892 Fax: (866)760-5947 Tel: (800)370-2943 TDD: (888)320-6942 Email: NICHDInformationResourceCenter@mail.nih.gov Internet: http://www.nichd.nih.gov/
Turner Syndrome Support Society (UK) 13 Simpson Court 11 South Ave Clydebank Business Park Clydebank, G81 2NR Scottland Tel: 0141 952 8006 Fax: 0141 952 8025 Tel: 0845 2307520 Email: Turner.Syndrome@tss.org.uk Internet: http://www.tss.org.uk
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center PO Box 8126 Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 Tel: (301)251-4925 Fax: (301)251-4911 Tel: (888)205-2311 TDD: (888)205-3223 Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/
Madisons Foundation PO Box 241956 Los Angeles, CA 90024 Tel: (310)264-0826 Fax: (310)264-4766 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org
Let Them Hear Foundation 1900 University Avenue, Suite 101 East Palo Alto, CA 94303 Tel: (650)462-3174 Fax: (650)462-3144 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.letthemhear.org
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.
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