Cholesterol (or lipid) problems in people who have
type 1 diabetes are usually related to the lack of
Lack of insulin increases the level of
triglycerides. Normally, insulin makes a certain
enzyme that removes triglycerides from the blood. When insulin is used to treat high
blood sugar, the triglyceride level goes back to normal.
Lack of insulin can lower the level of "good" cholesterol (HDL, or high density lipoprotein). When insulin is given and well controlled, HDL numbers typically go back to normal.
This does not apply to people who have nephropathy, because after the
kidney starts losing even small amounts of protein, cholesterol problems begin
Primary Medical Reviewer
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Jennifer Hone, MD - Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.