your feet every morning and evening. This is the most important part of your
foot care. Use a mirror or have someone look at your feet for you if you can't
see every part of them well. You can also use a hand mirror or magnifying
mirror attached to the bathroom wall near the baseboard to inspect your feet.
checklist for daily foot exams to make sure you
carefully examine your feet each day.
Wash your feet daily. Post
the steps for proper foot-washing in your bathroom. Refer
to the steps when you wash your feet so that proper foot-washing becomes a
habit every day.
Wear shoes and socks that fit well. Soft shoes
that have good support and that fit well (such as tennis shoes) are best for
your feet. Use the
checklist for shoes that fit well when you buy new
shoes. Break in new shoes slowly by wearing them for a few hours each day and
increasing the hours each week. Wear socks without seams.
your feet from injury. Before you put on your shoes, check for any foreign
objects, such as stones, or rough spots inside your shoes or objects pushing
through the soles. Inspect your feet for blisters, cuts, or scrapes after a few
hours of a new activity, such as hiking or skiing. Post the
list of precautions to protect your feet in your closet near your
Have your feet checked during each office visit. Your
doctor may notice a foot problem you may have missed. Take off
your shoes and socks while you are waiting in the exam room. This will help
remind your doctor to check your feet. Write down any minor
problems or questions you may have about foot care to discuss at your office
Get early treatment for foot problems. Call your doctor even for minor foot problems, unless you have already learned from
how to handle these problems. Your doctor may refer you to a foot
specialist (podiatrist) if special treatment is needed. A serious problem can
develop from what seems like a minor irritation. You can help prevent a foot
problem. If a foot problem develops, you need to seek care early.
William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.