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Batten Disease

Batten Disease

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Batten Disease is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • CLN3
  • JNCL
  • Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Juvenile
  • Spielmeyer-Sjogren Disease
  • Vogt-Spielmeyer Disease
  • Vogt-Spielmeyer-Sjogren Disease

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Batten disease, a rare genetic disorder, belongs to a group of progressive degenerative neurometabolic disorders known as the neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses. These disorders share certain similar symptoms and are distinguished in part by the age at which such symptoms appear. Batten disease is sometimes considered the juvenile form of the neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs). The NCLs are characterized by abnormal accumulation of certain fatty, granular substances (i.e., pigmented lipids [lipopigments] ceroid and lipofuscin) within nerve cells (neurons) of the brain as well as other tissues of the body that may result in progressive deterioration (atrophy) of certain areas of the brain, neurological impairment, and other characteristic symptoms and physical findings.

The symptoms of Batten disease usually become apparent between 5 and 15 years of age when progressive loss of vision, seizures, and progressive neurological degeneration develop. In some cases, initial symptoms may be more vague and include clumsiness, balance problems and behavioral or personality changes. Batten disease is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and occurs most in families of Northern European or Scandinavian ancestry and is found worldwide.

For years, the term Batten disease was used to describe the chronic juvenile form of NCL (JNCL). Recently, some researchers have begun using the term Batten disease to encompass all types of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses.

Resources

CLIMB (Children Living with Inherited Metabolic Diseases)
Climb Building
176 Nantwich Road
Crewe, CW2 6BG
United Kingdom
Tel: 4408452412173
Fax: 4408452412174
Email: enquiries@climb.org.uk
Internet: http://www.CLIMB.org.uk

National Tay-Sachs and Allied Diseases Association, Inc.
2001 Beacon Street
204
Brookline, MA 02146-4227
USA
Tel: (617)277-4463
Fax: (617)277-0134
Tel: (800)906-8723
Email: info@ntsad.org
Internet: http://www.NTSAD.org

The Arc
1825 K Street NW, Suite 1200
Washington, DC 20006
Tel: (202)534-3700
Fax: (202)534-3731
Tel: (800)433-5255
TDD: (817)277-0553
Email: info@thearc.org
Internet: http://www.thearc.org

Batten Disease Support and Research Association
1175 Dublin Road.
Columbus, OH 43215
USA
Tel: (866)648-8718
Email: bdsra1@bdsra.org
Internet: http://www.bdsra.org

Children's Brain Diseases Foundation
350 Parnassus Avenue
Suite 900
San Francisco, CA 94117
USA
Tel: (415)665-3003
Fax: (415)665-3003
Email: jrider6022@aol.com

National Association for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments (NAPVI)
P.O. Box 317
Watertown, MA 02272-0317
Tel: (617)972-7441
Fax: (617)972-7444
Tel: (800)562-6265
Email: napvi@perkins.org
Internet: http://www.napvi.org

NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
TDD: (301)468-5981
Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

National Pediatric Myoclonus Center
P.O. Box 19643
Springfield, IL 62794-9643
USA
Tel: (217)545-7635
Fax: (217)545-1903
Email: omsusa@siumed.edu
Internet: http://www.omsusa.org

National Batten Disease Registry
New York Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities
1050 Forest Hill Rd
Staten Island, NY 10314
USA
Tel: (718)494-5201
Fax: (718)982-6346
Tel: (800)952-9628
Email: BattenKW@aol.com

Lysosomal Diseases New Zealand
16 Woodleigh Place
Ohauiti
Tauranga, 6008
New Zealand
Tel: 075448868
Email: jenny.noble@xtra.co.nz
Internet: http://www.ldnz.org.nz

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Madisons Foundation
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: (310)264-0826
Fax: (310)264-4766
Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

Hide & Seek Foundation for Lysosomal Disease Research
6475 East Pacific Coast Highway Suite 466
Long Beach, CA 90803
Tel: (877)621-1122
Fax: (866)215-8850
Email: info@hideandseek.org
Internet: http://www.hideandseek.org

NCL Resource
c/o Sara E Mole PhD
MRC Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology
University College London
Gower Street
London, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom
Tel: 442076797257
Email: ncl-www@ucl.ac.uk
Internet: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/ncl

Beyond Batten Disease Foundation
P.O. Box 200998
Austin, TX 78720
Tel: (512)275-2600
Fax: (512)835-4687
Tel: (877)622-8836
Email: info@beyondbatten.org
Internet: http://www.beyondbatten.org

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  9/23/2007
Copyright  1986, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2006, 2007 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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