Your health professional will help you find the right oral
medicine and possibly
insulin to regulate your blood sugar (glucose) level.
He or she also will help you adjust medicines as your diabetes changes. For
this reason, it is very important that you notify your health professional if
your symptoms change.
Most primary care doctors are excellent at
managing diabetes. But if your symptoms get worse or if you have
complications, you may need to see a specialist—a doctor who has additional
training in a particular field. You should see some specialists, such as an
ophthalmologist and podiatrist, regularly. These specialists provide care to
prevent eye and foot complications from diabetes.
specialists, such as cardiologists (heart specialists), nephrologists (kidney
specialists), or orthopedic surgeons (bone, muscle, and joint specialists), are
seen only when a specific complication arises. For some people who have diabetes,
it is important to see these specialists at least once a year so they can
monitor the complication.
Helps you monitor your feet and treats any
complications, such as foot ulcers
As needed for foot problems. Have your primary
care doctor examine your feet once a year.
Other health professionals on a diabetes care team
Other health professionals who may be involved in your diabetes care
Mental health professional. Many people with
chronic diseases suffer from
social worker can help you deal with the mental
challenges associated with living with diabetes. Also, one of these
specialists can help you learn to manage
stress, which can affect your glucose control.
Exercise physiologist. Physical activity is an
important part of your treatment for diabetes, so you may want to work with an
exercise physiologist to develop an appropriate exercise program for your
fitness level. Exercise physiologists have experience working with people who
have varying levels of strength and aerobic capacity. An exercise physiologist
can help you devise strategies for staying with your exercise plan.
Registered dietitian. Your diet plays a key role in
keeping your blood sugar levels within a target range. A registered
dietitian has training in nutrition and experience
making meal plans and helping people make changes in their lifestyle.
Changing your eating habits may be the hardest thing for you to do to care for
your diabetes. A registered dietitian can help you take small steps toward the
overall goal of a balanced diet.
Nurse educator. A nurse educator helps you
understand your diabetes and its treatment. Having diabetes is a lifelong
challenge. And as your disease changes and progresses, your nurse educator can
provide the information you need to adjust and change with it. He or she may
also coordinate your diabetes care.
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.