Important It is possible that the main title of the report Muscular Dystrophies, Limb Girdle is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Erb Muscular Dystrophy
Leyden-Moebius Muscular Dystrophy
Pelvofemoral Muscular Dystrophy
Proximal Muscular Dystrophy
The limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD) is a generic term for a group of rare progressive genetic disorders that are characterized by wasting (atrophy) and weakness of the voluntary muscles of the hip and shoulder areas (limb-girdle area). Muscle weakness and atrophy are progressive and may spread to affect other muscles of the body. Approximately 15 different subtypes have been identified based upon abnormal changes (mutations) of certain genes. The age at onset, severity, and progression of symptoms of these subtypes may vary greatly from case to case, even among individuals in the same family. Some individuals may have a mild, slowly progressive form of the disorders; other may have a rapidly progressive form of the disorder that causes severe disability.
The term limb-girdle muscular dystrophies is a general term that encompasses several disorders. These disorders can now be distinguished by genetic and protein analysis. At least 15 subtypes have been identified. The various forms of LGMD may be inherited as autosomal dominant or recessive traits. Autosomal dominant LGMD is known as LGMD1 and has five subtypes (LGMD1A-1E). Autosomal recessive LGMD is known as LGMD2 and has 11 subtypes (LGMDA-K).
Additional terminology has been used in the past to describe forms of muscular dystrophy that are now classified under LGMD. These terms include scapulohumeral (Erb) muscular dystrophy, pelvifemoral (Leyden-Mobius) muscular dystrophy, and severe childhood autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy (SCARMD).
Muscular Dystrophy Association 3300 East Sunrise Drive Tucson, AZ 85718-3208 USA Tel: (520)529-2000 Fax: (520)529-5300 Tel: (800)572-1717 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.mda.org/
Muscular Dystrophy Campaign 61 Southwark Street London, SE1 0HL United Kingdom Tel: 020 7803 4800 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.muscular-dystrophy.org
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke P.O. Box 5801 Bethesda, MD 20824 Tel: (301)496-5751 Fax: (301)402-2186 Tel: (800)352-9424 TDD: (301)468-5981 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/
Society for Muscular Dystrophy Information International P.O. Box 7490 Bridgewater Nova Scotia, B4V 2X6 Canada Tel: 902-685-3961 Fax: 902-685-3962 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.nsnet.org/smdi/
MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network 150 Custer Court Green Bay, WI 54301-1243 USA Tel: (920)336-5333 Fax: (920)339-0995 Tel: (877)336-5333 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/
New Horizons Un-Limited, Inc. 811 East Wisconsin Ave P.O. Box 510034 Milwaukee, WI 53203 USA Tel: (414)299-0124 Fax: (414)347-1977 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.new-horizons.org
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center PO Box 8126 Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 Tel: (301)251-4925 Fax: (301)251-4911 Tel: (888)205-2311 TDD: (888)205-3223 Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/
Let Them Hear Foundation 1900 University Avenue, Suite 101 East Palo Alto, CA 94303 Tel: (650)462-3143 Fax: (650)462-3144 Tel: (877)735-2929 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.letthemhear.org
Jain Foundation Inc. 2310 130th Avenue NE Suite B101 Bellevue, WA 98005 Tel: (425)882-1492 Fax: (240)282-0510 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.jain-foundation.org
Child Neurology Foundation 2000 West 98th Street Bloomington, MN 55431 USA Tel: (952)641-6100 Fax: (952)881-6276 Tel: (877)263-5430 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.childneurologyfoundation.org
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Last Updated: 5/7/2007 Copyright 1992, 1994, 1994, 1999, 2000 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.