Important It is possible that the main title of the report Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Cardiofaciocutaneous (CFC) syndrome is one of the RASopathies and is a rare genetic disorder is typically characterized by unusually sparse, brittle, curly hair; large head (macrocephaly); a prominent forehead and abnormal narrowing of the sides of the forehead (bi-temporal narrowing); intellectual disability; failure to thrive; heart defects that are present at birth (congenital); short stature and skin abnormalities. CFC syndrome is a dominant de novo genetic disorder caused by a sporadic gene abnormality (mutation) in one of four genes that have been termed BRAF, MAP2K1 (MEK1) and MAP2K2 (MEK2), and KRAS. Some affected individuals do not have a mutation in one of these genes, suggesting that other genes are also associated with CFC syndrome.
CFC syndrome was first described in 1986, based on the observation of eight unrelated patients who had intellectual disability and similar abnormalities in facial appearance, skin, hair, nails and heart.
Children's Craniofacial Association 13140 Coit Road Suite 517 Dallas, TX 75240 USA Tel: (214)570-9099 Fax: (214)570-8811 Tel: (800)535-3643 Email: contactCCA@ccakids.com Internet: http://www.ccakids.com
March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation 1275 Mamaroneck Avenue White Plains, NY 10605 Tel: (914)997-4488 Fax: (914)997-4763 Tel: (888)663-4637 Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com
Foundation for Ichthyosis & Related Skin Types 2616 N Broad Street Colmar, PA 18915 Tel: (215)997-9400 Fax: (215)997-9403 Tel: (800)545-3286 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.firstskinfoundation.org
The Arc 1825 K Street NW, Suite 1200 Washington, DC 20006 Tel: (202)534-3700 Fax: (202)534-3731 Tel: (800)433-5255 TDD: (817)277-0553 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.thearc.org
American Heart Association 7272 Greenville Avenue Dallas, TX 75231 Tel: (214)784-7212 Fax: (214)784-1307 Tel: (800)242-8721 Email: Review.email@example.com Internet: http://www.heart.org
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Information Clearinghouse One AMS Circle Bethesda, MD 20892-3675 USA Tel: (301)495-4484 Fax: (301)718-6366 Tel: (877)226-4267 TDD: (301)565-2966 Email: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov Internet: http://www.niams.nih.gov/
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute P.O. Box 30105 Bethesda, MD 20892-0105 Tel: (301)592-8573 Fax: (301)251-1223 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/
Hemangioma Support System c/o Cynthia Schumerth 1484 Sand Acres Drive DePere, WI 54115 Tel: (920)336-9399
Vascular Birthmarks Foundation P.O. Box 106 Latham, NY 12110 USA Tel: (877)823-4646 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.birthmark.org
Cardio-Facio-Cutaneous International 183 Brown Road Vestal, NY 13850 USA Tel: (607)772-9666 Fax: (607)748-0409 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.cfcsyndrome.org
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center PO Box 8126 Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 Tel: (301)251-4925 Fax: (301)251-4911 Tel: (888)205-2311 TDD: (888)205-3223 Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
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Last Updated: 1/28/2013 Copyright 1992, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2006, 2007, 2013 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
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