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Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy

Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Myoclonic Epilepsy
  • Myoclonic Progressive Familial Epilepsy
  • Myoclonus Epilepsy
  • Progressive Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy
  • Epilepsy, Myoclonic Progressive Familial

Disorder Subdivisions

  • Myoclonic Epilepsy, Hartung Type
  • Lafora Disease, Included
  • Baltic Myoclonus Epilepsy
  • Lafora Body Disease
  • Unverricht Disease
  • Unverricht-Lundborg Disease
  • Lundborg-Unverricht Disease, Included

General Discussion

Progressive myoclonus epilepsy (PME) is a group of conditions involving the central nervous system and representing more than a dozen different diseases. These diseases share certain features, including a worsening of symptoms over time and the presence of both muscle contractions (myoclonus) and seizures (epilepsy). Patients may have more than one type of seizure, such as petit mal or grand mal. PME is progressive, but the rate of progression may be quick or slow, depending on the underlying disease.

Progressive myoclonus epilepsy (PME) is different from myoclonic epilepsy. In myoclonic epilepsy, the myoclonic jerking motions occur as part of the seizure. In PME, myoclonus occurs separately from seizures, the two respond differently to the same drugs, they evolve differently during the natural history of the disease, and they cause different problems for the patient. Some drugs that are good for seizures, e.g. phenytoin and carbamazepine, may tend to make the myoclonus worse.

Resources

Epilepsy Foundation
8301 Professional Place
Landover, MD 20785
Tel: (301)459-3700
Fax: (301)577-2684
Tel: (800)332-1000
TDD: (800)332-2070
Email: info@efa.org
Internet: http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org

NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
TDD: (301)468-5981
Email: me20t@nih.gov
Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

National Pediatric Myoclonus Center
P.O. Box 19643
Springfield, IL 62794-9643
USA
Tel: (217)545-7635
Fax: (217)545-1903
Email: omsusa@siumed.edu
Internet: http://www.omsusa.org

Epilepsy Canada
2255B Queen St E, Suite 336
Toronto
Ontario, M4E 1G3
Canada
Tel: (877) 734-0873
Fax: (905) 764-1231
Tel: 8777340873
Email: epilepsy@epilepsy.ca
Internet: http://www.epilepsy.ca

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Madisons Foundation
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: (310)264-0826
Fax: (310)264-4766
Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  1/29/2008
Copyright  1990, 1993, 1996, 2002, 2008 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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