Important It is possible that the main title of the report Lymphatic Malformations is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
macrocystic lymphatic malformation
microcystic lymphatic malformation
Lymphatic malformations are rare non-malignant masses consisting of fluid-filled channels or spaces thought to be caused by the abnormal development of the lymphatic system. These malformations are usually apparent at birth or by two years of age. Lymphatic malformations can affect any area of the body (except the brain), but most commonly affect the head and neck. When evident at birth (congenital), lymphatic malformations tend to be soft, spongy, non-tender masses. The specific symptoms and severity of lymphatic malformations varies based upon the size and specific location of the malformation. Some lymphatic malformations can be massive. Lymphatic malformations regardless of size can potentially cause functional impairment of nearby structures or organs and disfigurement of affected areas.
The lymphatic system functions as part of the immune system and helps to protect the body against infection and disease. It consists of a network of tubular channels (lymph vessels) that transport a thin watery fluid known as lymph from different areas of the body into the bloodstream. Lymph accumulates between tissue cells and contains proteins, fats, and certain white blood cells known as lymphocytes. As lymph moves through the lymphatic system, it passes through a network of lymph nodes that help the body to deactivate sources of infection (e.g., viruses, bacteria, etc.) and inflammation (e.g. antigens). Groups of lymph nodes are located throughout the body, including in the neck, under the arms (axillae), at the elbows, and in the chest, abdomen, and groin. The lymphatic system includes the spleen, which filters worn-out red blood cells and produces lymphocytes, and bone marrow, which is the spongy tissue inside the cavities of bones that manufactures blood cells.
Several different terms were once used to describe conditions now grouped under the umbrella term "lymphatic malformations". Such terms include cystic hygroma, lymphangioma, cavernous lymphangioma, cystic lymphangioma, and lymphangioma circumscriptum. These terms have been abandoned because some of the outdated terms imply a relationship to cancer. Lymphatic malformations are not cancerous and there is no known risk of malignant transformation.
March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation 1275 Mamaroneck Avenue White Plains, NY 10605 Tel: (914)997-4488 Fax: (914)997-4763 Tel: (888)663-4637 Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com
Contact A Family 209-211 City Road London, EC1V 1JN United Kingdom Tel: 02076088700 Fax: 02076088701 Tel: 08088083555 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.cafamily.org.uk/
Cystic Hygroma and Lymphangioma Support Group United Kingdom Tel: 02086729259 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com Internet: http://www.chalsg.org.uk/
Vascular Birthmarks Foundation P.O. Box 106 Latham, NY 12110 USA Tel: (877)823-4646 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.birthmark.org
Lymphatic Research Foundation 40 Garvies Point Road Glen Cove, NY 11542 USA Tel: (516)625-9675 Fax: (516)625-9410 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.lymphaticresearch.org
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center PO Box 8126 Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 Tel: (301)251-4925 Fax: (301)251-4911 Tel: (888)205-2311 TDD: (888)205-3223 Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/
National Organization of Vascular Anomalies PO Box 38216 Greensboro, NC 27438-8216 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.novanews.org
Lymphangiomatosis & Gorham's Disease Alliance 19919 Villa Lante Place Boca Raton, FL 33434 Tel: (561)441-9766 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.lgdalliance.org/
Venous Disease Coalition 1075 S. Yukon Street, Suite 320 Suite 320 Lakewood, CO 80226 Tel: (303)989-0500 Fax: (303)989-0200 Tel: (888)833-4463 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.venousdiseasecoalition.org
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It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
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