Important It is possible that the main title of the report Short Bowel Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Summary Short bowel syndrome is a complex disease that occurs due to the physical loss or the loss of function of a portion of the small and/or large intestine. Consequently, individuals with short bowel syndrome often have a reduced ability to absorb nutrients such as fats, carbohydrates (sugars) vitamins, minerals, trace elements and fluids (malabsorption). The specific symptoms and severity of short bowel syndrome vary from one person to another. Diarrhea is common, often severe and can cause dehydration, which can even be life threatening. Short bowel syndrome can lead to malnutrition, unintended weight loss and additional symptoms may be due to the loss of essential vitamins and minerals. There is no cure, but the disorder usually can be treated effectively. However, in severe cases, short bowel syndrome can lead to severe, disabling and life-threatening complications. Short bowel syndrome is most commonly associated with the surgical removal (resection) of half or more of the small intestine. Such surgery is performed to treat intestinal diseases such as Crohn's disease, injury or trauma to the small bowel, or congenital birth defects. The presence or absence of the large intestine (colon) also plays an important role in the genesis and/or treatment of the short bowel syndrome.
Introduction Through the years, the definition of short bowel syndrome in the medical literature has varied. This has led to confusion. Although some medical sources seem to reserve the name short bowel syndrome for cases caused by surgical resection of a portion of the small intestine, other sources have noted that the disorder can result from any disease, injury or condition that hinders or prevents the proper function of the small intestine even if the length of the bowel is unaffected. Short bowel syndrome may be classified as a cause or subcategory of intestinal failure. In rare cases, infants are born with a short bowel (congenital short bowel syndrome). Although these congenital cases are often associated with malrotation of the small intestine, the exact cause of congenital short bowel syndrome is unknown.
Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. 12 Roberts Drive Bedford, MA 01730 Tel: (781)275-1300 Fax: (781)275-1304 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.agmd-gimotility.org
Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America 386 Park Avenue South 17th Floor New York, NY 10016-7374 USA Tel: (212)685-3440 Fax: (212)779-4098 Tel: (800)932-2423 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.ccfa.org
American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 8630 Fenton Street 412 Silver Springs, MD 20910 Tel: (301)587-6315 Fax: (301)587-2365 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.nutritioncare.org/
Digestive Disease National Coalition 507 Capitol Court, NE Suite 200 Washington, DC 20002 Tel: (202)544-7497 Fax: (202)546-7105 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.ddnc.org
International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders 700 W. Virginia St., 201 Milwaukee, WI 53217 USA Tel: (414)964-1799 Fax: (414)964-7176 Tel: (888)964-2001 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.iffgd.org
Oley Foundation 214 Hun Memorial MC-28 Albany Medical Center Albany, NY 12208-3478 USA Tel: (518)262-5079 Fax: (518)262-5528 Tel: (800)776-6539 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: http://www.oley.org
Short Bowel Syndrome Foundation, Inc. 285 South 68th Street Place Suite 307 Lincoln, NE 68510 Tel: (402)770-0554 Fax: (402)323-3399 Tel: (347)871-2386 Email: email@example.com Internet: http://www.shortbowelfoundation.org
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Last Updated: 9/10/2011 Copyright 2011 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
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