This information is for people who may help you if you are
too weak or confused to treat your own low blood sugar from
diabetes or some other health condition that can cause low blood sugar. Make a copy for your partner, coworkers, and
friends. If your child has diabetes, you need to provide a copy for teachers,
coaches, and other school staff.
If the person has type 2 diabetes and is taking medicine that can continue to cause low blood sugar, stay with the person for a few hours after his
or her blood sugar level has returned to the target range.
Make sure the person can swallow.
Lift the person's head so that it will be
easier for the person to swallow.
Give the person ½ teaspoon of
water to swallow.
If the person can swallow the water without choking or coughing:
Give him or her 4 fl oz (118 mL) to 6 fl oz (177 mL) of liquid (juice or soda pop) from the
Wait 10 to 15 minutes.
If a home blood sugar meter is available, check the person's
blood sugar level.
Offer the person more
quick-sugar food if he or she is feeling better but still has some symptoms of
low blood sugar.
Wait 10 to 15 minutes. If possible, check the blood sugar level again.
When the person's blood sugar returns to normal, offer the person
a snack (such as cheese and crackers or half of a sandwich).
If the person becomes more sleepy or
lethargic, call 911 or other emergency services.
Stay with the person until his or
her blood sugar level is 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or higher or
until emergency help comes.
If the person chokes or coughs on the water:
Do not try to give the person foods or liquids, because they
could be inhaled.
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.